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Shaping Humanity

3 June 2021

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Shaping Humanity by James Milnes

Ancient Greece (Greece), Rome (now Italy), Gokturks and Ottomans (now Turkey) have played a huge part in shaping modern humanity. But what if I told you that there was something before that. Now I don’t mean cavemen banging rocks together. I mean around 12,000 years ago. The first settlement in History. This settlement not only introduced a whole new humanity, but shaped Ancient Greece, Rome, and the Ottomans themselves! Let’s learn about how these people shaped humanity, as I take you into what is now known as eastern Turkey, 12,000 years ago.

Around 10,000 BC; in the vast east of Turkey. There stands the oldest temple known to man. It stands atop a hill. This is called Gobekli Tepe, which directly translates to hill with a tummy. It is the oldest temple known to man and is said to be the birthplace of religion. In the temple there are huge stones with creatures engraved on the stones. All of the pillars were in T shapes representing humans. German archaeology teams foundnd signs of cattle, pigs, goat, and sheep, being domesticated for food production. Which still is carried out to this day! Gobekli Tepe was the first man made structure, birthplace of religion, and animal domestication of animals you see in most farms today. But it was not a community.

The fertile crescent, otherwise known as the ‘Golden Triangle’ was the first place to embrace the ways of agriculture. The fertile crescent is located in the Middle E and covers: South East Turkey (Gobekli Tepe), Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Israel, Palestine, and Western Iran. So now we turn our focus toward an ancient farming community. A few thousand years after Gobekli Tepe was built, the first community was established in the ‘Golden Triangle’ and they were not only the first community, but also had the first farms in the world. Around 8,000 years ago it was the Mesopotamian society. They started farms and since they couldn’t carry their farms away with them to hunt for food, they introduced the animals I talked about earlier, that were domesticated in Gobekli Tepe, to help with the farming, and also provide meat. Since they didn’t need to move around anymore, they decided to build houses.

The farmers weren’t keen on giving away their crops for free, nor the carpenters making houses, so then money was invented and the impact of that really changed the world. As more people moved in, there was more money being tossed around, so they needed more people to keep track of sales, and more people to make more things for all the people. Then rules were laid out, also known as laws. And as technology advanced there were more people and more people meant more houses, more farms, more money, more business, more laws. And soon… more societies.